The history of the national park and, in general, of the island of Lanzarote, is directly influenced by the volcanic eruptions in the eighteenth century and, to a lesser extent, in the nineteenth century.

The area covered by the lava was completely dedicated to the agricultural activity, specifically to the production of cereals, which, in addition to internal consumption, served to supply to other islands. There were large extensions devoted to grazing and others to the collection of key products to supplement the income, such as Orchilla (a lichen from which you can get the dye) or charcoal, obtained from aulaga or tarajal.

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