The Timanfaya National Park is a clear example of an eminently geological park, which clearly represents the historic and recent volcanism. The eruption process that gave origin to the present landscape occurred between the years 1730 and 1736, although a century later, in 1821, there were fresh eruptions of less intensity and duration. The Montañas del Fuego, with 25 craters, constitute the core where the most important eruptions were registered.

The eruptions of the eighteenth century resulted in dozens of cinder cones in a part of the West of the island, which was covered by a sea of lava of about 174 km2 and that, in addition, they gained land from the sea. This whole eruptive series corresponds to an effusive phase with basalt lava flows, rather fluid, and emission of a large amount of materials, interspersed with strombolian, more violent phases.

The eruption that took place in the nineteenth century resulted in the cones of Tao, Chinero or Volcán Nuevo del Fuego and Tinguatón. The most Western volcano, Chinero, and its lava flows, are within the limits of the park.

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