In a hostile environment as this national park is, you would expect the absence of vegetation. However, the plants have adapted to unfavourable conditions by developing special structures to withstand high solar radiation and water scarcity. Studies that have been conducted on the flora and vegetation of the park have revealed a greater diversity than the one expected of a place with environmental conditions that hinder its colonization by the living beings.

In the early stages of its colonization, the lichens are the ones to start it, transforming the soil for the installation of other plant organisms that require a more developed substrate.

The climate is the main limiting factor. However, the trade winds are of great importance in the development of the vegetation, favouring the vegetable installation towards windward.

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