1. La Fortaleza

Start: Centro de Visitantes del Portillo

End: Cuesta de La Fortaleza (the boundary of the national park)

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 1 h. 45 min 

Length: 5,3 km

Difficulty: Low

Gradient : 175 m 

Connections : Pico Viejo Viewpoints 2, 4, 6, 22, 24, 25, 29, 33 and GR TF131

It's a path of slight gradient, ideal for the observation of the most characteristic flora and fauna of the park (the alcaudón, Lanius excubitor, and the pimelia, darkling beetle in the subfamily Pimeliinae, are abundant). From the beginning of it until the Cañada de los Guancheros, this path crosses hillocks formed by banks of pumice that are, mostly, from the eruptions of Montaña Blanca, where the retama (Spartocytisus supranubius) and the codeso (Adenocarpus viscosus) dominate.

The Cañada de los Guancheros is a plain sedimentary. In it, the retamas (Spartocytisus supranubius) and codesos join the rosalillo de cumbre (Pterocephalus lasiospermus), the tonática (Nepeta teydea) and the hierba pajonera (Descurainia bourgeauana). The final section of the path goes along the foot of the cliffs of La Fortaleza, with the characteristic vegetation of the escarpments. The moralitos (Rhamnus Integrifolia) and the cedros canarios (Juniperus cedrus) are some of the most interesting species. These ones are frequent near the canary pine trees at the foot of this mountain. La Fortaleza is the only remnant left of the old Edificio Cañadas in the North of the park. This giant, of reddish colour, is formed by very viscous phonolitic lavas, accumulated and solidified on the own eruptive vent, instead of forming a lava flow.

 

2. Arenas Negras 

DSCN7299 Inicio and End: Centro de Visitantes del Portillo

Duration: 3 Hours

Length: 7,6 km

Type of route: Circular

Difficulty: Low (there is a section of steep slope)

Gradient : 250 m

Connections : Pico Viejo Viewpoints 1, 4, 37 and GR TF131 (old Camino Real de Chasna)

The path goes up the mountain, bordering the Montaña del Cerrillar between abundant retamas, rooted on a mantle of pumice. At the top of it, the trail offers a spectacular panorama of the national park, as well as of the Llano de Maja. It is a good place to appreciate the action of the sea of clouds provided by the trade winds over the Valle de La Orotava. Moreover, it is possible to observe La Palma and, to the east, the facilities of the astronomical and meteorological observatories of Izaña.

The descent goes along the wall of La Caldera, next to the volcanoes of Arenas Negras - cones of lapilli that are poorly colonized by vegetation. In this section it is necessary to have some caution, because the gradient may reach 60 %. Since the path leads into the Siete Cañadas (route no. 4), the return trip is back to the Visitors Centre of El Portillo.

The most frequent flora on this tour consists of the retama (Spartocytisus supranubius), the codeso (Adenocarpus viscosus), the rosalillo de cumbre (Pterocephalus lasiospermus) and the hierba pajonera (Descurainia bourgeauana). About the fauna, it is very likely to see the mosquitero (Phylloscopus canariensis), the cernícalo (Falco tinnunculus) and the besbita caminero (Anthus berthelotii) in flatter areas.

 

3. Roques de García

DSCN7299 Inicio and End: Visitors Centre of El Portillo

Type of route: Circular

Duration: 2 Hours

Length: 3,5 km

Difficulty: Medium (there is a section of steep slope)

Gradient : 175 m

Connections : Pico Viejo Viewpoints 23 and 26

This route goes around Los Roques (Roque Cinchado, El Torrotito, El Burro, Roques Blancos,...), which stand on the left side of the walker during the journey. The track, which is completely flat at the beginning , continues to descend after walking around Los Roques on their Northern side, until it reaches the plain known as Llano de Ucanca (of sedimentary origin). During the descent, and before arriving at this plain, you can see the amazing lava flow known as La Cascada, as well as the pahoe hoe lavas, which are wavy and a little rough. About this type of very fluid lava flows, when they acquire twisted shapes they are called "corded lava". There are several striking examples along the way.

After walking through a short stretch of this plain, leaving, at your left, some prominent walls of dikes formed by very viscous magma, the ascent up to the point of departure begins, after previously skirting the spectacular Pitón known as La Catedral. This impressive rock formation is a phonolite volcanic vent, this means, an outlet lava duct that solidified without emerging to the surface, now visible due to the erosional process.

The flora we can observe in this path is quite diverse and representative of the Cañadas: retamas (Spartocytisus supranubius), codesos, rosalitos de cumbre, hierbas pajoneras (Descurainia bourgeauana) and magarzas (Argyranthemum frutescens). At the beginning of the tour, we can also contemplate cabezones (Cheirolopus teydis) and a cedro.

 

4. Siete Cañadas 

DSCN6850 Start: Visitors Centre of El Portillo

End: Visitors Centre of Cañada Blanca

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 4-5 Hours

Length: 16,6 km

Difficulty: Low

Gradient : 150 m

Connections :Pico Viejo Viewpoints 1, 2, 5, 16 and GR TF131

This route is a part of the old Camino de Chasna, used since pre-hispanic times for crossing from the North to the South of the island. It runs along the base of the wall of the Caldera de Las Cañadas, in its eastern part. In the first section of this journey, it stands out the presence of tajinaste picante (Echium auberianum), of beautiful blue flowering in the month of June.

Under the wall of Las Cañadas, it is visible the geomorphological diversity. As an example, next to the Cañada of Diego Hernández we can observe the strips of black basalt lava, while the ones of yellowish materials correspond to acid magmas expelled in violent eruptions. In the vegetation of the escarpments the tajinaste rojo (Echium wildpretii) highlights, whose floral stems occasionally reach two meters in height.

In the final stretch of the path, the Cañada del Capricho stands out with forms of great beauty. Throughout the tour you will find traces of shepherd refuges and different views of Mount Teide.

This long path can be connected with the guagua (local name of the bus) at its beginning or end, since there are bus stops in El Portillo and in the Parador Nacional. It is advisable to previously consult the timetables.

 

5. Degollada de Guajara

Start: Pico Viejo Viewpoint of Siete Cañadas (No. 4)

End: Degollada de Guajara

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 1 hora

Length: 1,4 km

Difficulty: High

Gradient : 190 m 

Connections : Pico Viejo Viewpoints 4, 8, 15 and GR TF131 

This is the only track that allows you to save the wall of La Caldera and it is part of the old road that connected the two slopes of the island, known as the Camino de Chasna. It ascends from the Cañada del Montón de Trigo to La Degollada, between the mountains of Pasajirón and Guajara. The term degollada means, in the Canary Islands, the same as collado (col) in other parts of Spain. The landscape from La Degollada is spectacular, with sweeping views of the Teide National Park and of the Southern slope of the island, where the Barranco del Río stands out.

 

6. Montaña de los Tomillos

Start: Pico Viejo Viewpoint of Fortaleza (nº 1)

End: Pico Viejo Viewpoint of Montaña Blanca (No. 7)

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 2 h. 30 min

Length: 6 km

Difficulty: Medium

Gradient : 470 m

Connections : Pico Viejo Viewpoints 1, 7, 22, 24 and 27

The beginning of the tour coincides with the path of La Fortaleza, but, after about twenty minutes, near the Roque del Peral, there is a well indicated branch.

From here, the route continues nearly of a flat line until Montaña Blanca. This path has a certain historical value for being the old road that was used by the first explorers and the gatherers of sulphur and ice when they climbed to Teide.

It is a path of continuous ascent, easily passable. When you arrive at Montaña Blanca, it presents a steeper slope. The first part of it goes through deposits of pumice stone, with vegetation composed of codesos and retamas. In the intermediate zone you find the Montaña de los Tomillos, a volcanic cone that stands out in the landscape by its dark tone. In its final stretch, next to the track of Montaña Blanca and, again, on deposits of pumice, the vegetation is scarce because of the altitude and the strong winds. However, on this type of land grows one of the botanical jewels of the park: the violeta del Teide (Viola cheiranthifolia).

 

7. Montaña Blanca - Peak of Teide

Start: Km 40.2 of the TF-21 road

End: Rambleta - La Fortaleza Viewpoint (3.537 m)

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 5 h. 30 min

Length: 8,3 km

Difficulty: High

Gradient : 1.350 m

Connections : Pico Viejo Viewpoints 6 and 11

This is, without doubt, the most used and striking route of the National Park. Its initial section goes through the path of Montaña Blanca, example of explosive volcanism, issuer of pumice stone. When you get to the slopes of the Teide, there begins the old access road to the Pico, which rises up through Lomo Tieso until the Refugio de Altavista. It presents a strong gradient, which sometimes exceeds 60%. The gradient, together with the high altitude, makes it noticeably tiring. The road continues to rise, with less gradient now, on young black lava flows, still to be colonized by vegetation. The trail ends in La Rambleta, next to the Mirador de La Fortaleza. This route is only for people with good physical condition and not advised for people with heart problems.

It is particularly noteworthy the gigantic accretion balls at the base of the Teide, fragments of magma which were expelled by the volcano and rolled along its hillside, until loging at the foot of the mountain. During the ascent, the retama (Spartocytisus supranubius) will accompany you during part of the journey, until, at approximately 3,400 m of altitude, the vegetation seems to disappear completely. In reality, even at a higher altitude, there are some species of the flora of the park, such as the margaza or the violeta del Teide.

 

8. El Filo

Start: Km 38.5 of the TF-24 road

End: Degollada de Guajara (Pico Viejo Viewpoints 5 and 15)

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 7 Hours

Length: 14,2 km

Difficulty: Medium

Gradient : 275 m

Connections : Pico Viejo Viewpoints 5, 15, 37 and GR TF131

This route goes along the edge of the wall of Las Cañadas, taking advantage of an ancient forest track during almost the complete journey. In its layout, the route stands above the interior of the park, providing magnificent panoramic views. Towards the South, you can see a landscape with well-preserved pine groves.

Along the route, there is a wide geomorphologic and botanic variety. It is necessary to take into account that the end of the route is approximately two and a half hours away from the Parador by route 5.

 

9. Teide - Pico Viejo - TF 38

Start: La Rambleta

End:Km 3.2 of the TF-38 road (Viewpoint of Las Narices del Teide)

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 8 Hours

Length: 9,3 km

Difficulty: High

Gradient : 1.500 m

Connections : Pico Viejo Viewpoints 12, 18, 23, 28 and 32

This hard path has its starting point next to the interpretation chart of Mirador de Pico Viejo (route no. 12). From there, it starts descending through black lava towards the crater of Pico Viejo. The road on dark lavas is the most difficult part of the track and it continues until you reach the Degollada de Chahorra , where it becomes of pumice stone. Then, you go around Pico Viejo, on its Southern side and below the edge of the crater, located at 3,100 m in height; after, you descend rapidly until the Narices del Teide, which you'll see as a series of well-aligned craters; after skirting them, the path continues to Lomo de Chio and, from here, to the road TF-38.

This tour allows the walker to go through lava flows that came out of the crater of Mount Teide during the last eruption of its summit, still in medieval times, and enjoy the spectacular crater of Pico Viejo, with its 800 meters in diameter. It's also possible to see the eruptive vents of Narices del Teide, which date back to 1798 and are part of the last eruption occurred in the interior of the national park.

 

10. Access to the crater of Teide's peak. Telesforo Bravo Pico Viejo Viewpoint

Start: La Rambleta (3.550 m)

End: Peak of Teide (3.718 m)

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 40 minutes

Length: 614 m

Difficulty: High

Gradient : 159 m

Connections : Pico Viejo Viewpoints 11 and 12

For the security of the visitors and conservation of the area, restrictive measures have been established, not allowing the access from La Rambleta (3,550 m) up to the highest point of the Pico (3,718 m), except if you have a special permission.

This trail, from La Rambleta until the summit of the Teide, is well-conditioned. Its difficulty lies in the strong gradient, which can reach up to 60% from the point of departure at 3,550 m of altitude. It is necessary to walk calmly and it is good idea to stop frequently to get the breath back. Once at the top, when there are not many clouds, the effort is compensated by magnificent panoramic views of Tenerife and other islands.

The route is dedicated to Telesforo Bravo, a distinguished canary geologist, who is considered by many to be the father of vulcanology in the Canary Islands. In the vicinity of the crater it is possible to see fumaroles, which remind us that the volcano is not dead.

 

11. Mirador de La Fortaleza

Start: La Rambleta (3.550 m)

End: La Fortaleza Viewpoint

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 25 minutes

Length: 427 m

Difficulty: Medium

Gradient : 24 m

Connections : Pico Viejo Viewpoints 7, 10 and 12

This track is conditioned and has access to the vantage point of La Fortaleza, from where it is possible to see the Northern part of the national park and of the island. From the vantage point, it is possible to contemplate a breathtaking view when the weather is good, with the cliffs of La Fortaleza highlighting on the foreground. This imposing rocky mass of reddish colour was formed by a volcano and very viscous phonolite lava flows accumulated over its eruptive vent. A little further along, there is a panoramic view of the East of the island. This viewpoint is also an excellent place to appreciate the presence of the trade winds in the Northern slope of Tenerife, forming a sea of clouds whose height limitation is caused by a layer of dry winds that overlaps the humid one.

 

12. Pico Viejo Viewpoint

Start: La Rambleta (3.550 m)

End: Pico Viejo Viewpoint

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 30 minutes

Length: 730 m

Difficulty: Medium

Gradient : 54 m

Connections : Pico Viejo Viewpoints 9, 10 and 11

 

This track is conditioned and leads up to the vantage point, from which you can enjoy a breathtaking view of the crater Pico Viejo and of the Western part of the island. From this viewpoint, it is possible to appreciate the lava flows called Lavas Negras, corresponding to the last eruption occurred within the current park: the Narices del Teide, in 1798. Towards the West you can also see El Chinyero, the last volcanic eruption of Tenerife (1909). On clear days,you can observe the islands of La Gomera, La Palma and El Hierro. It is also possible to see fumaroles and notice the sulfur smell of their emissions.

 

13. Sámara

Inicio and End: Km 7.5 of the TF-38 road

Type of route: Circular

Duration: 2 h. 45 min

Length: 5,1 km

Difficulty: Medium (there is a section of steep slope)

Gradient : 252 m

Connections : Trail 32

At the beginning of the route, you can climb to the summit of the volcano Sámara, from which you have wide and spectacular panoramic views of several volcanic cones, in addition to Teide and Pico Viejo. You can also admire the beautiful Canary pine tree, effective colonizer of recent volcanic terrains. The entire track is made up of pyroclastic flows (lapillis and slags) of dark tones and the small gradients are easy to overcome. Among the flora, the most frequent ones are the retamas, codesos and rosalillos de cumbres. Regarding the fauna, it is easy to observe the cernícalo (Falco tinnunculus) and the lagarto tizón (Gallotia galloti). As frequent birds in this area, we have the mosquitero canario (Phylloscopus canariensis) , the bisbita caminero (Anthus berthelotii), the herrerillo (Parus caeruleus) and the curruca tomillera (Sylvia conspicillata). Although it is rarer than the latter mentioned, the alcaudón real (Lanius excubitor) is also present in these places, where the pinar and the retamar come into contact.

 

14. Alto de Guamaso

Start: Km 42,3 de la carretera TF-24

End: Cruce de carreteras del Portillo

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 1 h. 30 min

Length: 2,9 km

Difficulty: Low

Gradient : 64 m

Connections : Trail GR TF131 

It is a very comfortable trail, which surrounds a beautiful volcanic cone and enters into its crater. Moreover, it also shows a magnificent view of the valley of La Orotava and the sea of clouds that can cover it. It is also a good place to observe the transition from the Canary Pine forest to the thicket of the high mountain. It stands out, among the materials that form the volcanic cone, the large volcanic bombs accumulated in its slopes. Since it is a contact area between the retamares and the pine forests, the most distinguished birds of the park, such as the mosquitero canario, the bisbita caminero and the curruca tomillera, join other birds that more characteristic of the forest environment, like the pinzones azules (Fringilla teydea), the mirlos (Turdus merula) and the petirrojos (Erithacus rubecula). It is not rare the presence of the gavilán (Accipiter nisus), a bird of prey that is more common in forests than in open spaces. Among the many invertebrates, it is worth highlighting the lagarta del pino (Calliteara Fortunata), a striking caterpillar of long hair and showy colour that can live on the retamas, escobones (Chamaecytisus proliferus) and pinos.

 

15. Alto de Guajara

Start: Degollada de Guajara (Pico Viejo Viewpoint 5)

End: Alto de Guajara

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 1 h. 30 min

Length: 2 km

Difficulty: High

Gradient : 325 m

Connections : Trail 5, 8 and GR TF131

It is a high mountain track that rises from the Degollada de Guajara until the summit known as Alto de Guajara, which, with its 2,715 m, is the highest point of the wall of La Caldera and the third of the National Park. From it, you can contemplate the best panoramic view of the volcanoes Teide, Pico Viejo and Montaña Blanca, in addition to a broad view of the Caldera de Las Cañadas. It is a spectacular vantage point, from which it is possible to distinguish the different lava flows and the plains known as Las Cañadas. On its peak, there are still remains of the hut used by the French astronomer Jean Mascart for his stay in this summit, with the purpose of studying Halley's Comet when it passed near Earth in 1910. The Southern slope of the island is visible during the entire ascent. On clear days, you can also contemplate the remaining islands of the Canary Archipelago.

 

16. Sanatorio

Start: Km 43.3 of the TF-21 road

End: Trail de Siete Cañadas (nº 4)

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 1 h. 45 min

Length: 4,6 km

Difficulty: Low

Gradient : 100 m

Connections : Pico Viejo Viewpoints 4 and 19

The trail starts in the foothills of Mount Teide and, while you are moving away from it, it becomes increasingly visible in all its greatness. The route goes through a former track, next to which, in spring, the beehives are placed to obtain the valued retama (Spartocytisus supranubius) honey . The lava flows of the dome Montaña Blanca also stand out with their different forms. The trail ends on the road to Siete Cañadas, at the foot of the escarpments of Guajara. Regarding the flora, there is an abundance of retamas, codesos, rosalillos de cumbre (Pterocephalus lasiospermus), magarzas (Argyranthemum frutescens) and hierbas pajoneras. In spring and summer, it is a good place to observe the multitude of insects, which take advantage of the flowering that colours these spots of white, yellow and pink.

 

17. Igueque

Start: Km 33.3 of the TF-24 road

End: La Crucita (Km 30 of the road TF-24)

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 1 h. 20 min

Length: 2,4 km

Difficulty: Medium

Gradient : 262 m

Connections : Trail 21

This route offers you the opportunity to observe the contrasts between the Southern slope of the island, with the Valle de Güímar as protagonist, and the Northern face of it, with the spectacular Valle de La Orotava, sometimes covered by the sea of clouds. The track begins by surrounding the mountain of Igueque (2,273 m) and then it goes towards the mountain La Negrita (2,245 m). During the tour, there are large volcanic bombs among the typical thickets of the high mountain. The Canary pine trees are also frequent, especially at the end of the route, in the Crucita, through which passes the most used communication path between the two valleys (also a route of pilgrimage to the Virgin of Candelaria).

 

18. Chavao

Start: Cruce de Boca Tauce (crossroads TF-21 and TF-38)

End: Km 3 of the TF-38 road

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 1 h. 30 min

Length: 3,6 km

Difficulty: Low

Gradient : 38 m

Connections : Trail 9, 35 and PR – TF 70 Guía de Isora – Boca Tauce

The route begins at the viewpoint of Chahorra, where it is possible to appreciate Pico Viejo and Narices del Teide. Its layout is virtually flat and it goes towards the Roque del Cedro, leaving the Cañada del Cedro on the left. In addition to appreciating the typical flora of Las Cañadas (retama, alhelí (Erysimum scoparium), codeso, escobón, etc.), there are also several curious geological formations, such as the pillow lavas and small fields of corded lavas.

 

 

19. Majúa

 

Start: Km 43.3 of the TF-21 road

End: Parador de Las Cañadas

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 1 h. 30 min

Length: 3,8 km

Difficulty: Low

Gradient : 150 m

Connections : Trail 16

This path descends comfortably from the foothills of the Teide to the Parador, situated in the middle of the spot known as Cañada Blanca. At the beginning, the trail skirts the pumice cone of Montaña Majúa and, then, it goes around its lavas and crosses the retamares of Cañada Blanca. The retamar is the vegetation that dominates the landscape. In addition to this species, it is frequent to find the codeso (Adenocarpus viscosus), the hierba pajonera (Descurainia bourgeauana), the rosalillo de cumbre and the magarza (Argyranthemum frutescens).

 

20. Volcán de Fasnia

 

Start: Corral del Niño (38km of the TF-21 road)

End: Cruce de Izaña (Km 37.5 of the road TF-21)

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 2 h. 30min

Length: 7,2 km

Difficulty: Low

Gradient : 145 m

Connections : Trail 21 and 37

This tour lets you get closer to ancient volcanic cones that present beautiful and varied colourations. Later, you go around the volcanic cones of the eruption of January 1705, known as Volcano of Fasnia, in which the deep black colour stands out. The dense retamares of the area are used by the beekeepers, who take advantage of the intense flowering to obtain the prized retama (Spartocytisus supranubius) honey. With their bees, they contribute for the pollination of the existent botanical species. Other shrubs that are abundant in the area are the codeso (Adenocarpus viscosus), the hierba pajonera and the rosalillo de cumbre (Pterocephalus lasiospermus). About the fauna, frequent species are the cernícalos, the bisbitas camineros, the mosquiteros and the currucas tomilleras.

 

21. Corral del Niño a La Yegua Blanca

 

Start: del Niño (38km of road TF-21)

End: Yegua Blanca (Km 33.3 of the road TF-24)

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 1h. 40 min

Length: 6,4 km

Difficulty: Low

Gradient : 186 m

Connections : Pico Viejo Viewpoints 17, 20 and 34

This route goes towards Montaña Limón through a forest track, from which are easily seen the group of volcanic cones that exist in the area and, in the distance, the silhouette of Teide. You can also admire the island of La Palma. The final part of it rises in zigzag and goes through a dense retamar to reach the road TF-24, in front of the Roque del Mal Abrigo. From there, the trail goes up to the hillock Yegua Blanca and descends through its Eastern slope until standing in front of the Montaña de Igueque.

 

 

 

RED SECUNDARIA

 

 

 

22. Lomo Hurtado

 

Start: In the trail nº1 en la zona del Llano de Los Rastrojos

End: In the trail nº6 en la zona de la Montaña de Los Conejos

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 1 h. 30 min

Length: 4,8 km

Difficulty: Low

Gradient : 457 m

Connections : Pico Viejo Viewpoints 1, 6, 7, 25 and 33

A comfortable trail that connects the top of the Valle de la Orotava with Montaña Blanca. Despite the difference in elevation, it only has a steep gradient on the upper stretch. Almost the entire journey is on pumice stone, which helps a lot when walking. The beginning of the trail is at the junction between route 1 (La Fortaleza) and 25 (Recibo Quemado), which comes from the Valley of La Orotava, shortly before getting to Llano de los Guancheros. You slowly move away from the escarpments of Cabezón de Tigaiga and La Fortaleza as you start climbing towards White Mountain. It connects with route 6 (Montaña de Los Tomillos), very close to route 7, which ascends in the direction of the summits of Montaña Blanca and El Teide. The retama (Spartocytisus supranubius) is the dominant plant along the journey, accompanied by some other species, like the hierba pajonera (Descurainia bourgeauana).

 

23. Los Regatones Negros

 

Start: In the trail nº3 Roques de García

End: In the trail nº9 Teide- Pico Viejo- TF38

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 4 Hours

Length: 5,0 km

Difficulty: High (todo el Trail es de fuerte pendiente)

Gradient : 879 m

Connections : Pico Viejo Viewpoints 3 and 9

This path connects the upper part of route 3 (Roques de García) and route 9 (Teide - Pico Viejo - TF38) in Degollada de Pico Viejo, also known as Degollada de Chahorra. This is a path that requires some preparation, since it has a strong rise in high mountain, reaching 3,058 meters in height. Along it, you can see how the high mountain vegetation gradually changes as you climb, until you only find retamas of very stocky appearance in the upper part of the tour. It is a very interesting track to see the different forms of lava that can be expelled in volcanic eruptions. Some sections of this track go over these lavas and require a major effort due its characteristics, with loose rocks and sharp edges.

 

24. Portillo Alto

 

Start: Hamlet of Portillo Alto (Km 33.1 of the road TF-21).

End: In the trail nº1, in the area of Roque del Peral

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 35 minutes

Length: 1,5 km

Difficulty: Low

Gradient : 61 m

Connections : Pico Viejo Viewpoints 1 and 6

It is a short trail that connects Caserío del Portillo Alto with route 1 (La Fortaleza), very close to the rocky escarpment known as Roque del Peral. Shortly before, it is crossed by route 6 (Montaña de Los Tomillos), which rises towards Montaña Blanca and El Teide. Along the way, there are wide panoramic views of the Northern side of Teide National Park.

 

25. Recibo Quemado

 

Start: On the road La Orotava-Granadilla (Km 29.6 of the road TF-21).

End: In the trail No. 1, in the area of Llano de los Rastrojos

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 45 minutes

Length: 2 km

Difficulty: Low

Gradient máx: 176 m

Connections : Pico Viejo Viewpoints 1 and 22

This is a small track of one of the old paths used to ascend from the Valle de La Orotava to the grazing of the summit. It connects the lower limit of Teide National Park, very close to Recibo Quemado on the road TF 21, with route 1 (La Fortaleza) and with route 22 (Lomo Hurtado). The lower part of the journey goes through a canary pine grove, which gradually gives way to the thicket of summit. You can observe the escarpments of Cabezón and La Frontera, as well as El Teide and Montaña Blanca.

 

26. Ucanca

 

Start: In the trail No. 3, in the area of La Catedral

End: In the viewpoint of Ucanca

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 1 hora

Length: 1,8 km

Difficulty: Low

Gradient : 4 m

Connections : Trail 3

This path is virtually horizontal, starting at the bottom of route 3 (Los Roques de Garcia), at the foot of Roque de La Catedral. It enters into the immense Llano de Ucanca and finishes at Mirador de Ucanca, on the road TF21. Along the way, the high escarpments of the Cumbres de Ucanca, as well as of Teide and Pico Viejo, offer the traveller an incomparable vision.

 

27. Montaña Rajada

 

Start: In the trail No. 7, at the crossroads of the route with Montaña Rajada

End: In the trail No. 6, between the Montaña de Los Conejos and Montaña de los Tomillos

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 45 minutes

Length: 2,1 km

Difficulty: Low

Gradient : 93 m

Connections : Pico Viejo Viewpoints 6 and 7

This trail connects route 7 (Montaña Blanca - Pico del Teide) with route 6 (Montaña de Los Tomillos), skirting the domes of Momtaña Blanca and Montaña Rajada. This is a comfortable way, with spectacular views of both volcanic domes. The journey goes through a soil covered by pumice stone, from the violent plinian eruptions of Montaña Blanca.

 

28. Chafarí

 

Start: In the road of Chío (Km 0.6 of the road TF-38).

End: In the trail No. 9, in the area of Narices del Teide

Type of route: Circular

Duration: 3 Hours

Length: 6,7 km

Difficulty: High (there is a section of steep slope)

Gradient : 695 m

Connections : Trail 9

It is one of the trails that climb the slopes of Pico Viejo, starting at road TF 38, a little more than one kilometre from Boca de Tauce, and going through a dirt track known as "The Chircheros" during the most part of the journey. This path ascends through a landscape of abundant retamas, which colonize the lava flows that descend from the top of Pico Viejo.

When the forest track finishes, a very strong path starts to ascend. Its soil is full of loose materials (pyroclastic rocks) from the eruption of Las Narices del Teide, which occurred in 1798. It is a painful climb, not only due to the loose picón (lapilli) that makes it difficult to walk, but also due to the gradient and the considerable height.

The path finishes at the top of Las Narices del Teide at 2,752 meters of altitude. There, it has a connection to route 9 (Teide - Pico Viejo - TF38), which continues to rise until La Rambleta (3.503m) or descends until the viewpoint of Las Narices del Teide, on the road TF 38.

 

29. Degollada del Cedro

 

Start: In the trail No. 1, in the area known as Cañada de Los Guancheros

End: At the edge of the Ladera de Tigaiga, at the Northern limit of the park

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 30 minutes

Length: 1,9 km

Difficulty: Low (there is a section of steep slope)

Gradient : 115 m

Connections : Pico Viejo Viewpoints 1 and 36

This track starts at route 1 (La Fortaleza)in Llano de los Guancheros or Llano de Los Rastrojos, at the foot of Cabezón. It ascends through a path until the Degollada del Cedro, between the escarpments of La Caldera de Las Cañadas, known as El Cabezón and La Fortaleza, and, then, transforms into a forest track, descending the hillside of Tigaiga until the limit of the Teide National Park.

Along the route, it is possible to, not only contemplate wide panoramic views of the slopes of Tigaiga, La Fortaleza and Valle de La Orotava, but also of the interior of La Caldera and of the Teide itself.

 

30. Los Valles

 

Start: Minas de San José Viewpoint (Km 37.5 of the road TF-21)

End: In the trail No. 4, in the area of Risco Verde

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 1 h. 15 min

Length: 5 km

Difficulty: Low

Gradient : 239 m

Connections : Trail 4

It is a comfortable path that descends from the parking lot of Las Minas de San José, in the central area of the National Park, until route 4 (Siete Cañadas), at the foot of Risco Verde in the Cañada de Las Pilas.

The first section of the route goes through the area in which, for several decades, there were extractions of pumice stone. Then, it begin to descend through Los Valles up to the Cañada de Las Pilas, at the foot of the walls of Caldera de Las Cañadas.

Along the way, it is possible to see several plant species that represent the high mountain thicket of the Canary islands, as well as some samples of the traditional use of that area before being declared National Park, such as the loaders of retama wood.

 

31. Cumbres de Ucanca

 

Start: In the trail No. 4, in the area of the Cañada del Capricho

End: In the Lomo del Asiento, under the Sombrero de Chasna, at the Southern limit of the park

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 3 h. 30 min

Length: 8,1 km

Difficulty: High (there is a section of steep slope)

Gradient : 333 m

Connections : Trail 4

The entire route is a continuous viewpoint, with spacious and spectacular panoramic views of the inside of La Caldera de Las Cañadas and of the Southern slopes of the island, highlighting the contemplation of Teide and Pico Viejo, as well as the short lava flow known as the Sombrero de Chasna.

The track starts on route 4 (Siete Cañadas), in the area of El Capricho, and ascends through an old road (with a lot of curves) until La Degollada de Ucanca, avoiding nearly 300 meters of incline. Then, it goes through the Cumbres de Ucanca and descends to the limit of Teide National Park, passing next to the Sombrero de Chasna and reaching the Lomo del Asiento o de Los Pegueros, where old and twisted Canary pines change the vegetal landscape. Thereupon, the road allows you, or to descend towards Vilaflor, or to take the path that leaves to the left towards the Zona Recreativa (recreational area) of Las Lajas.

 

32. Abeque

 

Start: Sámara Viewpoint (Km 7.6 of the road TF-38)

End: Narices del Teide Viewpoint (Km 3 of the road TF-38)

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 1 h. 30 min

Length: 4,4 km

Difficulty: Low

Gradient : 211 m

Connections : Pico Viejo Viewpoints 9 and 13

It is a comfortable track that connects the Southwestern area of Teide National Park from the Mirador de Sámara, where you can find route 13 (Samara) and the lower part of route 9 (Teide - Pico Viejo - TF 38), up to the viewpoint of Las Narices del Teide.

This is a stretch of one of the old paths that went up to the summit of the island through a landscape covered mainly of recent volcanic material, which comes from the volcanic cones next to it.

The majority of the path runs through fields covered with picón, crossed by lavas of slag whose erosion is easy to see, produced due to the intense use of the road by shepherds and traders.

Through the way, the wide views of the Southern area and of other islands increase the landscape value of the itinerary, together with the sight of Teide and Pico Viejo, with a totally different aspect from other areas of the National Park.

 

33. Montaña Negra

 

Start: In the trail No. 1, in the Western area of La Fortaleza

End: In the trail No. 22, above the Llano de Las Brujas

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 1 h. 15 min

Length: 3 km

Difficulty: Low

Gradient : 136 m

Connections : Pico Viejo Viewpoints 1 and 22

This route corresponds to the upper part of an old path, with came from the region of La Guancha, San Juan de La Rambla and Icod el Alto. It connects route 1 (La Fortaleza)at the foot of the Western area of La Fortaleza, near the limit of the National Park, to route 22 (Lomo Hurtado), that descends from Montaña Blanca, passes at the foot of the steep slopes of Teide and skirts the volcanic cone known as Montaña Negra. As a curious fact, the materials that compose this mountain are brown due to oxidation, instead of being of the colour referred in the name of the mountain (Black Mountain).

It is worth highlighting the dense retamar of the upper part, through which this route goes, as well as the Canary pine grove of the lower part, affected by the forest fire in the summer of 2007 and still in its recovery phase. The recovery fences, as well as the presence of an upcoming apiary, forced to divert the final section of the same by connecting it with route 1 (La Fortaleza), a bit above the limit of the National Park.

 

34. Montaña Limón

 

Start: At the limit of the National Park, in the area of Montaña Limón

End: In the Arrastradero, near the ancient Choza de José Ruiz Izaña

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 30 minutes

Length: 1,2 km

Difficulty: Low

Gradient : 95 m

Connections : Trail 21

This is a short trail of an old path that used to communicate the two great valleys (Güímar and La Orotava) and that goes up, coming from the hills of La Orotava. The latter path starts in the limits of Teide National Park and ascends, skirting the Southern slope of Montaña Limón until connecting to route 21 (Corral del Niño - Yegua Blanca), and goes up to Piedra del Mal Abrigo. Then, it continues until Ioma de la Yegua Blanca or goes towards Corral del Niño.

 

35. Boca Chavao

 

Start: In the trail No. 18, in Boca de Chavao

End: At the limit of the National Park, in the area of Iserse

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 30 minutes

Length: 0,9 km

Difficulty: Low

Gradient : 80 m

Connections : Pico Viejo Viewpoints 18 and el PR-TF70 Guía de Isora – Boca Tauce

For the inhabitants of the region of Isora, this signalled short path was the main access to the summit, with several branches from the different hamlets.

The described route is the path located inside the limits of Teide National Park, since the rest of it descends towards Tejina de Guía through Las Fuentes, in addition to the old path, which goes through Ia Ioma and the Barranco de Tágada and Guaría and descends, first until Bailadero and, then, until the hamlets of Chirche, Aripe and the village of Guía de Isora.

 

36. Alto de La Fortaleza

 

Inicio and End: In the trail No. 29, in the Degollada del Cedro

Type of route: Circular

Duration: 1 h. 15 min

Length: 2,7 km

Difficulty: Low

Gradient : 47 m

Connections : Trail 29

This is a circular itinerary, developed as a crown over the Alto de La Fortaleza.

The route begins in La Degollada del Cedro, between La Fortaleza and El Cabezón. Afterwards, it crosses the plain that constitutes the Alto de La Fortaleza. In the afternoon, it is possible to see spectacular sunsets over the island of La Palma, which stands out on the horizon.

It is also possible to observe a dense mass of Canary pine forest, extended from the back of La Fortaleza to the foothills of Macizo de Teno, following the summits of Abeque.

Here, the vegetation is stumpy and of alive colours in spring, with the presence of many species that are more typical of high mountains than of the Canary pine forest that is on the border of this area.

The Southern part of this path goes through the edge of the crag of La Fortaleza. In the highest point of this route (2,135 m.a.s.l.), there is a privileged balcony a few hundred metres higher than the Cañada de Los Guancheros, which opens on the basis of this crag. From here you can enjoy magnificent views. From this point, you can see a spectacular view of El Teide.

 

37. Cerrillar - Carnicería

 

Start: In the trail No. 2, in the Lomo del Cerrillar

End: In the trail No. 20, in the Montaña de la Carnicería

Type of route: Linear

Duration: 1 h. 30 min

Length: 2,7 km

Difficulty: Low

Gradient : 89 m

Connections : Trail 2, 8 and 20

This linear route serves as a connection between the trails of Arenas Negras and of Volcán de Fasnia.

It starts in the NE section of the path Arenas Negras, in the vicinity of Montaña del Cerrillar, and runs along the slope of Montaña de la Punta de Maja until crossing route 8 (El Filo) at its beginning. It continues perpendicular to the latter mentioned, following towards East until Degollada de Las Montañas de Enmedio and La Carnicería. Finally, it finishes in route 20 (Volcán de Fasnia).

Through the tour, the visitor will be able to see, if the sea of clouds allows it, the breathtaking scenery of the Valle de La Orotava, while walking among volcanoes of the sector of Caramujo.

This track allows the walkers that cross the National Park to connect the area of El Portillo with Izaña, without having the need to walk on an asphalted road and offering them the experience of crossing the most enriching summit, in intimate contact with the environment.