This track is in the East of the park. To access to it you have to take the road CV-14, which can be seen on the right side after passing the Natural Monument of Los Roques. After a very closed curve, there is a small siding where it is necessary to leave the car, for those who access using this mean of transport. The tour offers magnificent views of Los Roques and of the steep headwaters of the ravine Hermigua. It is an excellent place to appreciate the difference between the environments of the Northern slope, frequently buffeted by the fog, even in summer. It is covered with wet laurel, in which mosses and lichens proliferate on the ground and in the trees. In the latter, you will frequently observe water droplets, which are the result of the condensation of the mist in the leaves of the vegetation. In this area, there are also brezales de tejo (Erica scoparia platycodon), proper in the crests that are very buffeted by the fog. Their twisted trunks, from which the bark can hang in strips, will catch the visitor’s attention. On this tour, you can also appreciate interesting samples of rock outcrop vegetation of humid environments, particularly the beas, called bejeques in other parts of the Canary Islands. These succulent plants belong to the genus Aeonium, of very thick leaves arranged in the form of a rosette. They are adapted to live in places where there is hardly no soil.
2.- Ermita de Lourdes (Shrine of Lourdes)
This brief tour crosses an area of mature laurel of remarkable development, in which the laurel trees are of large size, especially in the channels of the secondary ravines. The creek of El Cedro, the largest of the park, with its crystal clear waters, is a constant companion along the way. The vegetation represents the "monteverde húmedo de ladera" (humid evergreen laurel forest of the hillside), in which laurels (Laurus novocanariensis), the acebiño (Ilex canariensis) and the palo blanco (Picconia excelsa) are characteristic species. It is also possible to find hayas (Morella faya) - local name for the faya - and follaos (Viburnum rigidus). Here, the brezo (Erica arborea) is unrepresentative. In the channels, you can appreciate the type of vegetation known as "monteverde húmedo de fondo de barranco" (humid evergreen laurel forest of the bottom of the ravine), very similar to the above mentioned but with larger trees, which may reach 30 m in height. There is a strong representation of the viñátigo (Persea indica ), one of the species with greater demand of wet soils. In this type of forest, the development of the canopy shadows the soil, where there is a thick layer of leaf litter and there is not enough light for flowering plants. That is why the understorey is comprised mainly of helechos and brinzales of the trees themselves.
3.- La Laguna Grande I
This is a comfortable and short circular route, recommended for all types of visitors. It is one of the trails with the greatest number of visitors, due to its location on the main recreational area of the park, La Laguna Grande. The path starts in the parking lot of the recreational area, where you can see some shrubs that are typical in the area of monteverde, such as magarzas (Argyranthemum Cologania broussonetii) and codesos (Adenocarpus foliolossus) of great size. In this short tour, you can contemplate a good sample of the forest calledfayal-brezal, in which the hayas (Morella faya) - local name of the faya - and the brezos (Erica arborea) are characteristic. These last ones have a spectacular development in this place, with very thick trunks and altitudes over 10 m. Laurels (Laurus novocanariensis), viñátigos (Persea indica) and sanguinos (Ramnus glandulosa) are other tree species that can be seen on this tour. Both the ground and the trunks are abundantly moss-covered and, in spring, you can contemplate a carpet of flowers of purple colour above the leaf litter. This beautiful phenomenon is observed primarily during the month of April and early May, due to the flowering of the patacuervo or geranio canario (Geranium canariensis). The tour has a vantage point from where you can enjoy a beautiful panoramic view and observe the strength of Cherelepi, a volcanic dome covered with vegetation.
4.- Los Barranquillos
This small route gets you into the fayal-brezal, a forest type that is common in the Southern slope of the park, less favoured by the mists. You can also find it in the Western sector, where this trail is located. The presence of this monteverde, less abundant than the laurel, is the result, in large part, of traditional forest utilizations. Along the tour you will also find areas in various states of conservation, which can help you to understand the effects of different human activities on the forest: grazing, coal works, removal of hojame (tree litter). The trail gets to the edge of the central plateau of the island, from where you can see a nice view of the West coast. It is highly recommended, especially before the sunset.
5.- Las Creces
This path allows you to enjoy, without great difficulties, a pleasant walk through old-growth forest sectors oflaurel and fayal-brezal. It is a delicious route, recommended for all kinds of visitors who wish to appreciate the charms of this ancient forest. If you come by car, to get to the Recreational Area of Las Creces you should take the road that goes from La Laguna Grande towards Los Barranquillos. After the intersection of Las Hayas, there is a siding where you must park the car.
6.- Laguna Grande II
In the first part of this circular tour, you pass through an old bridle path, paved in the sections with greater slope. It goes through a fayal-brezal, a characteristic forest of the Southern slope of the park, less favoured by the mists.
7.- Contadero – Alto de Garajonay – Contadero
This route takes you up to the highest point of the island, the Alto de Garajonay. Here, you can enjoy exceptional panoramic views of both the national park and much of La Gomera. The view of the Fortaleza de Chipude stands out. In several days, it is possible to see El Hierro, La Palma and Tenerife, crowned by the highest mountain in Spain: El Teide. On very clear days, Gran Canaria can be seen to the East.
8.- Reventón Oscuro – El Cedro – Reventón Oscuro
The main part of this route is done on a paved track through an interesting laurel forest, where the parts of the trees with more incidence of mist are full of moss. The forest surprises you with its luxuriant vegetation, abundant in trees of large size and laurel leeves, such as the fayas or hayas (Morella faya ), laurels (Laurus novocanariensis), acebiños (Ilex canariensis), viñátigos (Persea indica) and tiles (Ocotea foetens). The latter species are associated with soils that are very wet and rich in organic matter. In the shrub layer, the presence of the follao is usual (Viburnum rigidum) and, in the understorey, only helechos, brinzales or young saplings, creepers and some twining plants have a prominent role, since the tree canopy does not allow much light to reach the forest soil.
9.- Contadero – El Cedro
This is the most emblematic path of the national park, the most widely used of all. During it, you can discover the ravine of El Cedro, passing through some of the most representative ecosystems of the mountain of La Gomera: brezales de crestería (Ilici canariensis-Ericetum platycodonis), covered with carpets of moss, laurel common in the slopes, laurel with viñátigos, typical at the bottom of the ravines and permanent flows of water. Once you are outside the park, the path takes you to the hamlet of El Cedro, situated at the bottom of a ravine that has water all year long. It is completely surrounded by forests. A large vertical cliff, where there is a waterfall of 200 m high (the largest of the Canary Islands), separates the hamlet of the fertile valley of Hermigua. Following the traditional path to Hermigua, you go through steep slopes located between crops until you reach Monforte (the top of the cliff).
10.- Cañada de Jorge
Most of this route is located in an area of fayal-brezal, a forest type related to the laurel but poorer in species and less humid. It is possible to find the faya or haya (Morella faya) and the brezo (Erica arborea) as dominant trees. To a lesser extent, it is also present the laurel (Laurus novocanariensis), the acebiño (Iles canariensis) and the follaos (Viburnum rigidum). Wherever the light of the sun can pass through the tree canopy or in clear spaces, you will be able to see the malfurada (Hypericum grandifolium), of showy yellow flowers, the patacuervo (Geranium reuterii), covering the forest floor with purple blossoming, and the siempreviva (Myosotis latifolia), of delicate pale blue colours. Near the summit, in the vicinity of the trunk road and in the ravines, the forest becomes more developed, up to 15 or 20 m in height. Other species, more demanding in soil and humidity, join the previous mentioned.
11.- Meseta de Hermigua – El Cedro – La Meseta de Hermigua
In addition to showing heritage elements, such as the small niche dedicated to the Virgin of Guadalupe, patron saint of the island, this route allows you to enjoy one of the permanent watercourses of the park. This type of humid environment, so scarce in the Canary Islands, is the habitat of the Sauceda, a type of tree that is closely connected to this liquid element. The exclusive presence of the sauce canario (Salix canariensis) characterizes the unique riverbank woodlands of the Canary Islands. Along the path you can find pieces of dry or thermophile laurel. The barbusano (Apollonias barbujana), the palo blanco (Picconia excelsa) and the mocán (Visnea mocanera), typical species of the warmest environments of the monteverde, are present along the way. Therefore, you pass through areas that are populated by the laurisilva de ladera (laurel of the hillside), in which the hayas (Morella faya), laurels (Laurus novocanariensis), acebiños Ilex canariensis), palos blancos, follaos (Viburnum rigidum) and brezos (Erica arborea ) are the dominant species. When passing through rocky areas, you are able to appreciate how these environments also have a very peculiar flora: the so-called plantas rupícolas (rock outcrop plants). Rock plants are those which, as the beas or bejeques, of the generus Aeonium, are adapted to live in places where there is almost no land and, therefore, it is very difficult to get water. For this reason, these species often have succulent leaves and stems.
12.- Raso de la Bruma – Risquillos de Corgo – Raso de la Bruma
This route passes through an attractive laurel forest, typical in the windward slopes where the incidence of the trade wind's mist is the highest. There is an abundance of mosses in the trunks of the trees and a wide variety of helechos (ferns), including the pirgua or píjara (Woodwardia radicans), the píjara macho (Polystichum setiferum) and the helecho batatilla (Davallia canariensis). Other species that profusely cover the soil denote elevated humidity. Among the trees, it is worth mentioning the presence of the naranjero salvaje gomero (Ilex couraging ssp. platyphylla) and the til (Ocotea foetens).
13.- Agando – La Laja - Agando
This route starts at the base of the Roque de Agando, between the ravines of La Laja and Benchijigua. It descends to the hamlet of La Laja, crossing the Dehesa de El Manco. During a large part of the trail, you will be able to enjoy the view of the Roques de Agando, Ojila, Carmona and La Zarcita, volcanic domes that the erosion laid bare.
14.- Laguna Grande – Alto de Garajonay- Laguna Grande
This route, located in the Southern part of the Park, starts in an environment of very developed fayal-brezal, in which you can see arborescent brezos (Erica arborea) of impressive size. Regarding the faya or haya (Morella faya), the second tree species in abundance, it is possible to distinguish the older specimens by their corked bark. Laurels (Laurus novocanariensis) and acebiños (Ilex canariensis) are also common in this part of the forest, in which a rich tapestry of moss covers the trunks and the soil. This one, in turn, is stained purple by the flowers of the patacuervos (Geranium reuterii) in spring. Subsequently, in the vicinity of the Alto de Garajonay, the road enters in areas of young fayal-brezal that, until a few years ago, were covered with pine trees of Monterrey and, to a lesser extent, with eucalyptus. Along the journey, you will be able to notice that the programmes of forest restoration are beginning to bear fruit. Some pieces of fayal-brezal of great development give an idea of which had to be the original size of the tree.
15.- La Meseta de Hermigua
This route is in the lowest point of the national park. During it, in addition to finding heritage elements, such as the small niche dedicated to the Virgin of Guadalupe, patron saint of the island, this route gives you the opportunity to enjoy one of the permanent watercourses of the park, which appears in the form of small waterfalls before leaving the mountain and starting to be used by the human being. This path is conditioned with rails, stairs and wooden walkways to fully enjoy the environment. The trail stands out for its tranquillity, its incomparable environment, its easy access and natural values. It is worth emphasizing the ferns that grow in the channel of the creek, as well as the presence of the barbusanos (Apollonias barbujana) and saos (Salix canariensis).
16.- Pajarito – Ajugal – Pajarito
This path is located on the Southern slope of the park and a large part of it crosses areas of young fayal-brezal, covered, until a few years ago, by pine plantations. This shows the results of the great effort put into the restoration programs of the vegetation.
17.- Pajarito – Alto de Garajonay – Pajarito
This tour is an alternative route to climb to the Alto de Garajonay, the highest point of the island, where you will find the main archaeological site of the national park, excavated and adapted for the visit. This place was one of the main religious and ceremonial centres of the ancient gomeros. Like many other primitive societies, they gave the high places a great significance by approaching them to heaven, where they believed their divinity was. From here, you can enjoy breathtaking views of the island and, on clear days, of El Hierro, La Palma, Tenerife crowned by El Teide, and even Gran Canaria to the East.
18.- Pajarito – El Cedro – Tajaqué – Pajarito
This is the longest route of the national park and also one of the most varied. It allows you to go through a great part of its extension and enjoy the various types of forests associated with the areas of summits and with the Northern slopes of the park. It is also possible to see permanent water courses and beautiful landscapes, not only of forest areas, but also of the lowest and driest zones of the island.